COMET is easily distinguishable from Oberkulmer, Champ, Maverick and Sungold due to its extreme shortness of stature, its earliness, and its cream or off-white chaff color. Comet has averaged twenty inches shorter than Oberkulmer and about twelve inches shorter than Maverick or Sungold. It averages about the same date of heading as Maverick and is several days earlier than Oberkulmer and Champ. The cultivar appears well adapted to Midwest growing conditions. Late seedings of increases indicate the cultivar has excellent winter hardiness. Comet appears to have very high protein content, averaging 1.5% higher than Oberkulmer (whole grain) in tests prior to 1998. This cultivar is exclusively licensed to French’s Hybrids, Inc. as a royalty bearing variety.
MAVERICK is easily distinguishable from Oberkulmer and Champ in that it is white chaffed at maturity. Maverick is several days earlier and several inches shorter in height than Champ. Maverick exhibits much improved winter survival over other varieties as well as improved test weight. Protein contents are very acceptable and baking qualities are superior to Oberkulmer. In five years of testing, Maverick has nearly a 9 bushel per acre yield advantage over Oberkulmer. This line appears well adapted to Midwest growing conditions and has performed very well in trials in the upper Midwest and Canada. This cultivar is exclusively licensed to French’s Hybrids, Inc. as a royalty bearing variety.
SAMMY is a two generation exclusively licensed to Rupp Seeds, as a royalty bearing variety for marketing in the U.S. The variety is much earlier in heading data than either Oberkulmer or Sava. Sammy is shorter than Oberkulmer, but similar to Sava in plant height. Sammy is much improved to both Oberkulmer and Sava in lodging resistance. The variants found in Sammy are less than 1% awned plants. Sammy has a lax head that is tapering in shape. Tip awns are present and are generally between one and two inches in length. Plant color at maturity is light to medium brown. When compared to the spelt variety Maverick, Sammy differs in chaff color, being described as “light to medium brown” while Maverick is described as “white”, has longer tip awns, and wider, shorter glumes. Sammy appears well adapted to growing conditions found throughout the Midwest and should be an important addition to the spelt genotypes available for production in the future.
SONIC was released in 2014 by the Sunbeam Extract Company of Indiana for marketing in the U.S. primarily as a forage cultivar to be grown in the Eastern states. It is intended to replace the old European cultivar, Oberkulmer Rottkorn. While no forage yields of Sonic or Oberkulmer are available, Sonic is expected to equal or outyield Oberkulmer Rottkorn in forage production due to its equal height, more vigorous growth habit and improved disease resistance. Since Sonic is intended for use as a forage crop, grain yield is important only to the sole licensee. Sonic appears to be a very stable, uniform, and pure cultivar as observed by the originator over a period of several years. Few off-types have been observed. This cultivar has been exclusively licensed to French’s Hybrids, Inc. of Wakeman, Ohio as a royalty bearing cultivar.
SUNGOLD is easily distinguishable from Oberkulmer, Champ, and Maverick, the only other spelt cultivars currently certified since it has a medium brown chaff color. Sungold is also several days earlier to head than Oberkulmer and Champ, but about three days later in heading than Maverick. Sungold is also several inches shorter than Oberkulmer and Champ, being about the same height as Maverick. The cultivar appears well adapted to Midwest growing conditions and has also performed well in Montana and Canada. This cultivar is exclusively licensed to French’s Hybrids, Inc. as a royalty variety.